Whether you are left with a few half-empty bottles from a party, or accidentally forgot the wine you were just hoping to chill in the freezer, you may be wondering whether wine can actually be frozen successfully to preserve it for later use.
If you are someone who uses wine mostly for cooking, it may also be a handy option to keep a stash in the freezer rather than seeing it go to waste.
There are a few things you will need to consider when freezing wine. Here is everything you need to know about freezing, thawing, and using leftover wine.
Types of Wine
Wine is made by fermenting grape juice in a process where yeast interacts with the sugar in the grapes. Different types of grapes and yeast produce different styles of wine.
Although there is an endless variety of wine, it is usually classified into one of the following categories: red wine, white wine, sparkling wine, rosé, and dessert wine.
In general, red wine is paired with bold-flavored meats such as red meat, and white wine is served with fish or chicken.
Wine is not only served to drink with a meal, or enjoyed on its own, but is often used for cooking, sauces, marinades, dressings, desserts, and even vinegar.
Does Wine Freeze?
So, can wine be frozen? Yes, all types of wine can be frozen. Wine freezes at a lower temperature than water due to its alcohol content. Wine will freeze at the temperature of most home freezers, however, it may just take a little longer to harden.
An open bottle of wine will oxidize over time and freezing it may preserve its integrity better than keeping it in the refrigerator.
A wine that has been stored in the freezer can still be used for drinking, however, you may find that the flavor is not as distinct as a newly opened bottle and may prefer it for use in cooking.
Enhanced wines like port, vermouth, and sherry have a long shelf life and won’t need to be frozen.
Freezing wine is mostly recommended for cheaper brands where you are not so much concerned about preserving its character and are not going to notice any changes after adding salt, butter, and garlic when used in cooking anyway.
How To Freeze Wine
It is best not to freeze wine in the bottle as you risk the bottle cracking and being left with small shards of glass in your freezer, or in the wine.
Step 1: Determine the Quantity
Determine whether you need to freeze the wine in small or large quantities.
If you are planning to use a large amount for cooking at a time, you can simply freeze 1 to 2 cups of wine in a single freezer-friendly container, leaving a small amount of headspace at the top of the container before closing.
To freeze small amounts, an ice cube or muffin tray is ideal. It is preferable to use silicone molds as opposed to hard plastic ice cube trays or metal muffin trays to prevent sticking and color staining.
Step 2: Decant
Pour the wine into the chosen molds. Do not fill the molds to the brim as the liquid will expand on freezing. Place the ice cube or muffin tray on a baking sheet to keep it level while freezing and prevent wine from spilling in the freezer.
Step 3: Cover
Cover the top of the tray with cling film and gently press down so that it lightly touches the top of the wine. This will prevent ice crystals from forming which may affect the quality of the wine.
Step 4: Pre-freeze
Place the tray in the freezer until the wine is fully frozen. Due to the alcohol content, the wine will take longer than water to freeze and will also not freeze quite as hard. Once the wine cubes are fully frozen, remove the tray from the freezer.
Step 5: Bag it
Remove the cubes from the ice cube or muffin tray and pack them into a resealable freezer bag. Press out any air from the bag before sealing. The less contact the wine has with air during storage, the better the quality will remain.
If you have trouble removing the wine cubes from the ice tray, you can place the entire tray into a resealable freezer bag to ensure the wine remains protected from contact with air.
Keeping the cubes in the tray may be a better option considering that wine does not freeze as hard as water and may fracture and break when you try to remove them.
Step 6: Label and Freeze
Label the freezer bag or container with the date so that you can keep track of how long it has been stored and place it in the freezer.
How To Thaw Frozen Wine
If you are cooking with the frozen wine, you can add it straight to the pot from frozen and let it defrost during the cooking process. Add a few minutes to the cooking time to compensate for the drop in temperature. Alternatively, let the wine thaw in the refrigerator overnight.
Leftover wine can be used to make wine vinegar, marinades, salad dressings, stews, sauces, wine jelly and so much more.
So, if the party is over and you don’t know what to do with 5 bottles of half-used leftover wine, don’t throw it away. Who wants to see wine go to waste? Freezing wine for cooking is perfectly fine.
Be sure to decant the wine into freezer-friendly, airtight containers rather than just popping the bottle into the freezer. Not only will the wine quality be better preserved but you also don’t run the risk of cracked bottles and corks popping out during freezing.
You will still get 6 months’ worth of delicious flavor into your cooking from the leftovers.
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